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Insights into the mechanism of cell death induced by saporin delivered into cancer cells by an antibody fusion protein targeting the transferrin receptor 1.

Daniels-Wells TR, Helguera G, Rodriguez JA, Leoh LS, Erb MA, Diamante G, Casero D, Pellegrini M, Martinez-Maza O, Penichet ML (2013) Insights into the mechanism of cell death induced by saporin delivered into cancer cells by an antibody fusion protein targeting the transferrin receptor 1. Toxicol In Vitro 27(1):220-231. doi: 10.1016/j.tiv.2012.10.006

Summary: The antibody-avidin fusion protein ch128.1Av has been shown to target the human transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) and kill malignant B cells by blocking the use of iron. Combination of this construct with a mono-biotinylated saporin custom conjugate produces an iron-independent toxicity to TfR1-expressing cells, even those that are resistant to ch128.1Av alone. The saporin-containing conjugate induces a transcriptional response consistent with oxidative stress and DNA damage. The data also show that the saporin conjugate is not toxic to human hematopoeietic stem cells.

Usage: An antibody-avidin fusion protein (ch128.1Av) was mixed with MonoBiotin-ZAP to make an immunotoxin that targets the human transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1).

Related Products: MonoBiotin-ZAP (Cat. #BT-ZAP), Custom Conjugates