1. Home
  2. Knowledge Base
  3. FAQ
  4. ZAP Internalization Kit Concentrations

ZAP Internalization Kit Concentrations

Q: We have your ZAP internalization kit and I have a question regarding the concentrations used in the cytotoxicity assay. The Hum-ZAP used in the assay (mentioned in the PDF protocol) is 4.5 nM and the target agent was 10 nM to 1 fM. Is there a stoichiometric relation between Hum-ZAP and the target agent concentrations?

A: To answer your question simply, yes, there is a stoichiometric relation between a secondary conjugate and the targeting agent.

Q: If I use higher concentrations of the target antigen, then should I also increase the concentration of Hum-ZAP?

A: It may be intuitive to think that using a higher dose of primary antibody induces a higher amount of cell death, but as seen in the attached figure, at the highest concentration of 192-IgG (10 nM = Log -8) there is a lessened amount of killing, at a 25-fold lower concentration, as compared to the antibody. The explanation for this is that, at the higher concentrations of primary antibody, there is more unconjugated 192-IgG and fewer 192-IgG+Fab-ZAP complexes. The free 192-IgG then out-competes the conjugates for cell surface binding sites which, in turn, decreases the amount of Saporin being internalized, hence less cell death.

Related Products: ZAP Conjugates