Penna S, Villa A, Capo V (2021) Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis: mechanisms and treatments. Dis Model Mech 14(5):dmm048940. doi: 10.1242/dmm.048940
Summary: Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) is a severe inherited bone disease characterized by defective osteoclast resorption or differentiation. Novel therapeutic approaches are needed for ARO patients. The authors review preclinical and proof-of-concept studies, such as gene therapy, systematic administration of deficient protein, in utero Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and gene editing.
Usage: Efficacy in HSCT conditioning was demonstrated with CD45.2-SAP (biotinylated Anti-CD45 mixed with Streptavidin-ZAP). In mice, CD45.2–SAP preserved normal bone marrow architecture compared to total body irradiation, which instead reduced vascular integrity and bone marrow cellularity. Mice conditioned with CD45.2–SAP rapidly recovered their peripheral myeloid cells and had a survival advantage when exposed to infections (3 mg/kg iv; Palchaudhuri et al.). Additionally, conditioning with CD45.2–SAP resulted in significant chimerism after transplantation, even in a pathological mouse model (3 mg/kg iv; Castiello et al.).
Related Products: Streptavidin-ZAP (Cat. #IT-27)
- Palchaudhuri R et al. Non-genotoxic conditioning for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using a hematopoietic-cell-specific internalizing immunotoxin. Nat Biotechnol 34:738-745, 2016.
- Castiello MC et al. Efficacy and safety of anti-CD45-saporin as conditioning agent for RAG deficiency. J Allergy Clin Immunol 147(1):309-320.e6, 2021.