Wang H, Guyenet PG (2001) DL-homocysteic (DLH)-induced tachypnea is eliminated by ablation of neurokinin-1 receptor immunoreactive (NK1R-ir) neurons of the preBötzinger complex (preBötc). Neuroscience 2001 Abstracts 633.4. Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, CA.
Summary: We identified a hot spot of the ventrolateral medulla (VLM) where tachypnea is produced by small injections of the excitatory amino acid DLH in urethane-anesthetized vagotomized rats. We sought to determine its anatomical location relative to a group of NK1R-ir cells that may be a marker of the preBötC. We also determined the location of the hot spot relative to VLM pressor and depressor sites. The VRG was located by recording respiratory units and then 5-10 nl of 10 mM DLH were injected into the VRG at 200 mm interval from Bregma -12.1 to -13.3 mm. DLH produced site-specific changes in respiratory rate and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP). At rostral levels (Bregma -12.1 mm) PND rate decreased and MAP increased (-57 ± 11% and 9.4 ± 0.9%; N= 4-6). At more caudal levels these effects gradually reversed (cross-over point at -12.4 mm). Tachypneic responses were restricted between Bregma -12.5 and -13.1 mm with a sharp peak (88.7 ± 12.8% increase in rate) at -12.7 mm. The hot spot corresponded to where most pre-inspiratory neurons are found. It overlapped with VRG NK1R-ir cells but was more restricted than the distribution of these cells. Depressor responses were maximal at -12.7 mm and stable at more caudal levels. After unilateral ablation of the NK1R-ir cells (N=3) with a saporin-NK1R agonist conjugate, the DLH-induced tachypnea disappeared bilaterally. In conclusion, the tachypnea hot spot corresponds to the defined preBötC. It overlaps with the rostral end of the VLM depressor area and the NK1R-ir neurons of the preBötC may be responsible for DLH-induced tachypnea.
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