Hodges MR, Forster HV, Wenninger JM, Brozoski DT, Leekley T, Klum L, Feroah TR, Pan LG, Sengupta J (2002) Effects of lesions in the medullary raphe nucleus on sleep and breathing in adult goats. Neuroscience 2002 Abstracts 321.8. Society for Neuroscience, Orlando, FL.
Summary: The medullary raphe nucleus (MRN) contains populations of both neurokinin-1 and glutamate receptor positive neurons (NK1R+, GluR+). The MRN is also thought to influence breathing during wakefulness and sleep. Therefore, to test the MRN influence on breathing during sleep, adult goats (n=4) were chronically instrumented with microtubules into the MRN and allowed >3 weeks to recover. Sleep was monitored during a period of 6 hours (9pm-3am) prior to and 6-8 days after injection of saporin-substance P (SAP-SP), and the night of and 10-14 days after injection of ibotenic acid (IA). During sleep, EEG, EOG, diaphragm EMG, heart rate and blood pressure were monitored, and arterial blood was sampled. We found no significant effect of neurotoxic lesions on relative percentages of time spent in NREM and REM sleep compared to the post-implant control studies. We also found no evidence of ataxic breathing patterns during awake, NREM or REM states after injection of SAP-SP or IA into the MRN. However, evidence of central apnea was present in 3 of 4 goats. The apneustic events were most frequent during NREM, and less frequent or absent during wakefulness and REM sleep. These apneas were 6-20 seconds in duration and resulted in marked variations in PCO2 and PO2. There was also a tendency for hyperventilation during sleep after IA injections. We conclude that lesions in the MRN by loss of NK1R+ and GluR+ neurons can affect breathing during sleep without affecting sleep itself.
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