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Evaluation of the effect of molsidomine on nitregic system in an experimental model of cognitive impairment.

Hernandez MA, Pineda JB, Del Valle-Mondragón L, Alcaraz-Zubeldia M, Ríos C, Pérez-Severiano F (2009) Evaluation of the effect of molsidomine on nitregic system in an experimental model of cognitive impairment. Neuroscience 2009 Abstracts 529.24/J10. Society for Neuroscience, Chicago, IL.

Summary: The relationship between nitric oxide (NO) and cholinergic system in brain has been evidenced by using inhibitors of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) that blocked cognition, while NO donors can facilitate it. Nevertheless, the participation of NO in the recovery of cholinergic deficit due to the administration of a selective cholinergic immunotoxin, 192 IgG saporin (SAP) has not been studied. The aim in this work was to evaluate the modulation of the nitrergic system after the damage induced by SAP and to measure the response to the administration of a NO donor, molsidomine (MOL). We used adult male Wistar rats allocated into either one of 4 groups: 1) vehicle PBS, 0.1M pH 7.4, 2) intraseptal administration of SAP (0.22 µg), 3) MOL ip 4 mg/kg, 4) SAP+MOL. Striatum, prefrontal cortex and hippocampus were dissected out at different times after treatment and quantification of nitrites, NOS activity and expression were performed. Our results show that SAP induces a reduction on the constitutive NOS activity in prefrontal cortex and striatum (54%, 64% respectively compared with control p<0.05); while hippocampal cNOS tended to decrease. MOL alone improved NOS activity in those regions. Neuronal and endothelial NOS expression (nNOS, eNOS) in the same regions did not change significantly. When the nitrites levels were analyzed, changes were region-specific. We conclude that administration of the NO donor promotes the recovery of cNOS activity in the model of cholinergic denervation associated to 192 IgG SAP. Further cognitive studies are being carried out in order to demonstrate the cholinergic recovery by MOL.

Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)