Mittelman-Smith M, Krajewski-Hall S, McMullen N, Rance N (2016) Ablation of KNDy neurons results in hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and amplifies the steroid-induced LH surge in female rats. Endocrinology 157:2015-2027. doi: 10.1210/en.2015-1740
Summary: KNDy neurons are a subpopulation of neurons in the infundibular nucleus that coexpress estrogen receptor α, kisspeptin, and neurokinin B (NKB) mRNA. Previous work indicated that altered signaling from KNDy neurons may play a role in the low levels of circulating sex steroids found in hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Rats received bilateral 10-ng injections of NK3-SAP (Cat. #IT-63) dorsal to the arcuate nucleus. Blank-SAP (Cat. #IT-21) was used as control. In animals with intact ovaries the NK3-SAP lesion resulted in hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. In contrast, the LH surge in lesioned ovariectomized rats was 3-fold higher, demonstrating that KNDy neurons are integral for the control of serum LH levels, estrous cyclicity, and may also have some control over the magnitude of the LH surge.