Nichols N, Vinit S, Bauernschmidt L, Mitchell G (2015) Respiratory function after selective respiratory motor neuron death from intrapleural CTB-saporin injections. Exp Neurol 267:18-29. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2014.11.011
Summary: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) ultimately causes death from ventilator failure. Genetic models of ALS suffer from high variability of the rate, timing, and extent of respiratory motor neuron death. The authors created a novel model of induced respiratory motor neuron death using CTB-SAP (Cat. #IT-14). Rats received 25 μg or 50 μg intrapleural injections of CTB-SAP; Saporin (Cat. #PR-01) was used as a control. After 7 days, motor neuron survival approximated what is seen in end-stage ALS rats, while there was minimal cell death in other brainstem or spinal cord regions. CTB-SAP also caused microglial activation, decreased breathing during chemoreceptor stimulation, and diminished phrenic motor output in anesthetized rats – all hallmarks of ALS.