Hulsey D, Hays S, Khodaparast N, Ruiz A, Das P, Rennaker R, Kilgard M (2016) Reorganization of motor cortex by vagus nerve stimulation requires cholinergic innervation. Brain Stimul 9:174-181. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2015.12.007
Summary: Recent work has suggested that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) can enhance neuroplasticity, and coupled with other training can drive motor cortex reorganization. These findings highlight the potential of VNS to support recovery from neurological disease. Pretrained rats received bilateral injections totaling 3.75 μg of 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01) into the nucleus basalis (NB). Mouse-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-18) was used as control. Control animals displayed a substantial increase in proximal limb representation, lesion of the NB prevented this increase. Motor performance was similar between lesion and control groups, indicating that the difference in representation was not due to altered limb function.