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Acute hypoxia activates hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus-projecting catecholaminergic neurons in the C1 region.

Silva T, Takakura A, Moreira T (2016) Acute hypoxia activates hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus-projecting catecholaminergic neurons in the C1 region. Exp Neurol 285:1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2016.08.016

Summary: Catecholaminergic C1 cells reside in the rostral and intermediate portions of the ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) and can be activated by hypoxia. These neurons regulate the hypothalamic pituitary axis via direct projections to the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVH) and regulate the autonomic nervous system via projections to sympathetic and parasympathetic preganglionic neurons. The present results suggest that catecholaminergic C1-PVH projection is hypoxia-sensitive and the pathway between these two important brain areas can be one more piece in the complex puzzle of neural control of autonomic regulation during hypoxia. Male Wistar rats were injected with the targeted toxin Anti-DβH-SAP (Cat. #IT-03), 21 ng/100 nl, or saline, unilaterally into the PVH using the following coordinates: 1.2 mm caudal to bregma, 0.4 mm lateral to the midline and 7.8 mm below the dura mater. The author’s work adds a piece in the complex puzzle of the physiological role of the C1 cells by showing that this catecholaminergic group of cells must be activated only in emergency situations such as acute hypoxia, producing autonomic, metabolic, and neuroendocrine responses designed to help the organism survive major acute physical stresses.

Related Products: Anti-DBH-SAP (Cat. #IT-03)