Miller SA, Lappi DA, Wiley RG (2000) Intrathecal dermorphin-saporin decreases morphine effect in hotplate algesia testing. Neuroscience 2000 Abstracts 212.8. Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.
Summary: The targeted cytotoxin, dermorphin-saporin, selectively destroys cells expressing MOR. In the present study, we gave dermorphin-saporin by lumbar i.t. injection and sought to determine if destroying dorsal horn neurons expressing MOR would alter thermal sensitivity and/or response to systemic morphine (MS) using hotplate testing under various conditions. 16 male Sprague-Dawley rats were tested on constant temperature (0.3, 44 and 47 C) and incremental (0.1 C/sec from 28 to 57 C) hotplates. Then 8 rats received lumbar intrathecal injections of derm-sap (465 ng) and 8 received vehicle using a subarachnoid PE-10 catheter that was removed 10 mins after injection. Retesting rats after toxin/vehicle injection showed no change in responses to any of the hotplate conditions. However, vehicle but not derm-sap rats showed increased lick latency on the incremental hotplate 20 mins after MS, 2.5 mg/kg, s.c. At 5 mg/kg of MS, vehicle and dermorphin-saporin rats showed identical responses. Capsaicin cream (0.94%) applied to the plantar surface of both hindpaws 3 hrs before testing on the 44 C hotplate produced decreased lick latencies in both groups of rats. MS, 5 mg/kg, s.c., produced increased lick latencies in capsaicin treated vehicle but not derm-sap rats. At 10 mg/kg, MS produced identical effects in capsaicin treated vehicle and toxin rats. These results indicate that i.t. derm-sap produced no change in baseline thermal sensitivity but did diminish the effect of low dose MS under conditions that preferentially test C nociceptor function suggesting that MOR-expressing dorsal horn neurons play a role in the analgesic action of low dose MS.
Related Products: Dermorphin-SAP / MOR-SAP (Cat. #IT-12)