Vulchanova L, Olson TH, Elde R, Honda CN (2000) Role of IB4-binding sensory neurons in the effects of intradermal capsaicin injection. Neuroscience 2000 Abstracts 212.7. Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.
Summary: We have shown previously that a unilateral injection of a conjugate of the lectin IB4 and the toxin saporin (IB4-SAP) into sciatic nerve of rats results in loss of IB4-binding neurons and transient increase in thermal and mechanical nociceptive thresholds. The thresholds were maximally increased 10 days post-treatment and returned to baseline levels by day 21. In the present study, we examined the responses of IB4-SAP treated rats after intradermal injection of capsaicin, which results in acute nocifensive behavior followed by thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia. The nocifensive behavior of IB4-SAP treated rats 10, 21 and 42 days post-treatment was 6%, 36% and 47%, respectively, of the behavior of control treated rats. IB4-SAP treated rats injected with capsaicin did not develop thermal or mechanical hyperalgesia at any of the time points examined. These results suggest that the increase in thermal nociceptive thresholds after IB4-SAP treatment is due to loss of VR1-expressing IB4-binding neurons since the nocifensive behavior is most likely mediated by the capsaicin receptor VR1, which also transduces noxious thermal stimuli. In addition, VR1 in surviving neurons may contribute to the recovery of thermal nociceptive thresholds. Finally, our results suggest that IB4-binding neurons are required for development of capsaicin-mediated hyperalgesia, and that the recovery of the responsiveness of IB4-SAP treated rats to noxious stimuli under normal conditions is not accompanied by recovery of the mechanisms underlying hyperalgesia.
Related Products: IB4-SAP (Cat. #IT-10)