Siddiq MM, Tsirka SE (2000) Elimination of microglia suggests their involvement in neuronal plasticity. Neuroscience 2000 Abstracts 507.2. Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.
Summary: Reorganization of mossy fibers occurs in the mammalian hippocampus during consolidation of learning and memory. Induced low level seizures with kainic acid (KA) result in the development of new synapses and the reorganization of existing ones along the mossy fiber pathway. The serine protease tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is expressed along the mossy fiber pathway and has been implicated in neurite remodeling after stimulation of neuronal activity. Both neurons and microglia secrete tPA. Microglial cells are thought to function only in pathological situations in the CNS, as they exhibit neurotoxic properties. However, a protective role has been observed in the regenerating optic nerve, where intervening activated microglia were involved in tissue remodeling. To investigate whether there is a role for microglia in mossy fiber remodeling, microglia were eliminated in C57/BL6 mice by immunolesioning. The reorganization of mossy fibers was evaluated. Kainate-injected wild-type mice had pronounced mossy fiber reorganization in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation as detected by Timm staining, while the immunolesioned mice had significantly less and shorter mossy fibers. It is therefore suggested that activated microglia may play a role in active remodeling of mossy fibers in the hippocampus after KA-induced seizures.
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