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  4. Anti-dβh-saporin injection into the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus selectively abolishes 2DG-induced feeding without causing nonspecific tissue destruction.

Anti-dβh-saporin injection into the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus selectively abolishes 2DG-induced feeding without causing nonspecific tissue destruction.

Ritter S, Dinh TT, Bugarith K (2000) Anti-dβh-saporin injection into the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus selectively abolishes 2DG-induced feeding without causing nonspecific tissue destruction. Neuroscience 2000 Abstracts 502.8. Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.

Summary: The toxin-antibody complex, saporin conjugated to a monoclonal antibody against dopamine-β-hydroxylase (anti-dβh-sap), selectively destroys dβh-containing catecholamine neurons. Previously we reported that PVH anti-dβh-sap injections abolish feeding and expression of Fos-immunoreactivity (-ir) in the PVH in response to 2DG-induced glucoprivation and cause selective destruction of dβh-containing neurons innervating the hypothalamus. To test the behavioral and neurochemical specificity of this lesion, anti-dβh-sap or control solution (saline or unconjugated saporin) was injected bilaterally into the PVH (n=6 per group). Beginning three weeks later, rats were tested for stimulation of feeding by 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG, 200 mg/kg) and mercaptoacetate (MA, 68 mg/kg), which reduce glucose and fatty acid oxidation, respectively, and for suppression of feeding by cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK, 4 ug/kg). 2DG-induced feeding was abolished by anti-dβh-sap injection, but was not impaired by unconjugated saporin. Neither MA nor CCK responses were altered by anti-dβh-sap. The nonspecific toxicity of anti-dβh-sap at the injection site was assessed. We found that PVH magnocellular neurons at the injection site express oxytocin-ir and do not appear to be disrupted by the anti-βh-sap injection. Further, the ability of PVH neurons at the injection site to express Fos in response to a non-glucoprivic stimulus was not impaired by anti-dβh-sap since lateral ventricular injection of senktide, an NK3 receptor agonist, induced Fos ir in the PVH. PVH injections of anti-dβh-sap impair 2DG-induced feeding and PVH Fos expression by selective destruction of catecholamine neurons. PHS#DK 40498.

Related Products: Anti-DBH-SAP (Cat. #IT-03)

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