Vierck CJ, Belford PM, Iqbal MA, Camara C, Kline RH, Lappi DA, Wiley RG (2000) Altered operant and reflex responses to noxious heat in rats with central noradrenergic lesions using antiDßH-saporin. Neuroscience 2000 Abstracts 247.10. Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.
Summary: We sought to determine effects of a selective lesion of pontine NA neurons on thermal sensitivity, using an operant escape task and hotplate tests. 8 rats received ICV injections of 10 ìg of anti-DβH-saporin, an immunotoxin that selectively destroys NA neurons, or vehicle. The rats were trained to escape a dark chamber with a hot floor to a brightly lit room-temperature shelf. There was no difference between groups at 39o, 44oor 47o C. However, at 44o C, application of mustard oil to the dorsal surface of both hindpaws or 0.94% capsaicin cream to the plantar surfaces increased escape durations only for vehicle rats. Also, at 44o C, toxin-treated rats were more sensitive than vehicle rats to morphine (0.5-5 mg/kg, s.c.) and clonidine (0.125 mg/kg, s.c.). The toxin-injected rats were insensitive to yohimbine (2.5 and 5 mg/kg, s.c.). Postmortem analysis for DβH showed that toxin-treated rats lost all pontine NA neurons, with preservation of medullary NA cells. To determine the role of NA projections to the spinal cord, two groups of rats were injected with 200-300 ng of antiDβH-saporin or vehicle via a lumbar intrathecal catheter. There were no consistent changes in baseline responses, and no differences between toxin and vehicle injected rats to 44o C after capsaicin or morphine (2.5 mg/kg, s.c.). However, the toxin treated rats were more sensitive to clonidine (0.03 mg/kg, s.c.). Thus, spinally projecting NA neurons appear not to mediate some modulatory effects of pontine NA neurons on nociception.
Related Products: Anti-DBH-SAP (Cat. #IT-03)