Johnson DA, Zambon NJ, Gibbs RB (2000) Selective destruction of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons impairs acquisition of a spatial memory task. Neuroscience 2000 Abstracts 563.3. Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.
Summary: The effects of selective cholinergic vs. non-selective lesions of the septum and diagonal band on acquisition of a spatial memory task were studied. Adult male S-D rats received intraseptal injections of either the selective immunotoxin 192 IgG-saporin (SAP; 1.0 μg in 1.0 μl) or the non-selective neurotoxin ibotenic acid (IBO; 5 μg in 1.0 μl). Two weeks following injection, the animals were food deprived, adapted to a T-maze, and trained to perform a delayed matching-to-position (DMP) task. Rats received 8 trial pairs/day until they reached a criterion of 15/16 correct choices. Seven days after reaching criterion, rats were tested for 2 days with no intertrial delay, then 1 day with a 60s delay, then 2 days with a 90s delay. Following euthanasia brain tissues were analyzed for either choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity or immunohistochemical detection of cholinergic neurons. Animals treated with SAP, but not IBO, had lowered ChAT activity in cortical, hippocampal, and basal forebrain tissues and a significant impairment in DMP acquisition compared to controls. SAP-treated animals required an average of 23.7 days to reach criterion compared to 13.1 days for controls (P<0.05). IBO-treated animals required 17.8 days to reach criterion which did not differ significantly from controls. There were no significant differences in post-criteria performance between any of the treatment groups. These data suggest that basal forebrain cholinergic projections play an important role during acquisition of the DMP task.
Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)