McGaughy JA, Dalley JW, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ (2000) The behavioral and neurochemical effects of acute and incremental cholinergic lesions on visual attention during a 5-choice serial reaction time task. Neuroscience 2000 Abstracts 563.1. Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.
Summary: Previously studies have shown that infusions of 192 IgG-saporin (SAP)into the nucleus basal magnocellularis (nbm) produce severe,persistent impairments in visual attention that correlate with the extent of cortical cholinergic deafferentation. After one bilateral infusion of a low dose (0.15 μg/μl; LX1) of SAP into the nbm, rats performing in a 5 CSRTT show specific behavioral impairments when tested with an increased event rate (ITI=2sec). In vivo microdialysis performed while rats were tested under standard conditions (ITI=5sec) in the 5CSRTT showed that LX1 rats had an increased basal acetylcholine (ACH) efflux in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) relative to sham-lesioned animals on the first day of testing, but no difference in task related efflux on either day of testing. The current study investigated the effects of larger cholinergic lesions on attentional perfomance to determine if they would produce large decreases in cortical ACH efflux and consequently impair attention. Rats were trained in a 5 CSRTT prior to receiving intra-nbm infusions of SAP or vehicle (VEH). Lesioned animals were subjected to repeated infusions of a low dose of the toxin (0.15 μg/μl), a single high dose (0.45 μg/μl) or vehicle. The (0.45 μg/μl) dose of SAP produced profound impairments under baseline conditions that correlated with low levels of ACH efflux in the PFC. These impairments were not attenuated by systemic nicotine or physostigmine. The cumulative lesions were hypothesized to increase sensitivity to attentional demands and pharmacological intervention.
Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)