Han JS, Bizon JL, Chun HJ, Maus CE, Gallagher M (2000) Feedback HPA axis to stress is impaired in rats with selective removal of hippocampal cholinergic input. Neuroscience 2000 Abstracts 388.16. Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.
Summary: Activation of intracellular glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) may play a permissive role in mechanisms that lead to degeneration of hippocampal neurons in pathological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). A previous study demonstrated that loss of cholinergic input from cells in the basal forebrain, a prominent feature of AD, reduced glucocorticoid receptor mRNA expression in the hippocampus in rats (Bizon et al., 1999). This experiment was conducted to see if reduced GRs after loss of cholinergic input would impair the function of the HPA axis in response to acute restraint stress. The cholinergic lesion was made by microinjections of the immunotoxin 192-IgG-saporin into the medial septal area and the vertical limb of the diagonal band. About 2 weeks later, rats were prepared with intravenous silastic catheters in the right jugular vein. After 5 days recovery, restraint stress for 1 hr was performed at 9:00 (a.m.). Blood (∼|50ul) was sampled repeatedly via the jugular catheter immediately (0 min) and at various times following the termination of the stressor (1 hr, 2 hr, 4 hr). For each group, negative feedback after a peak response to restraint was evident as a general trend of decreasing corticosterone that approached basal values by four hours after the cessation of stress. However, the speed of recovery to baseline differed between groups. Rats with loss of cholinergic input had higher corticosterone concentrations for a longer period after restraint stress than control rats, reflecting a diminished negative feedback function. These results suggest a mechanism whereby loss of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons in AD could contribute to a dysregulation of the HPA axis and more protracted exposure to high amounts of glucocorticoids. As an extension of the glucocorticoid cascade hypothesis, glucocorticoids might then be a factor in endangering hippocampal neurons in this disease.
Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)