Petruska JC, Johnson RD (2000) Differential input to a nociceptive specific reflex by trka-positive and trka-negative small diameter DRG afferents. Neuroscience 2000 Abstracts 354.7. Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.
Summary: The cutaneus trunci muscle (CTM) reflex is a nociceptive specific reflex in the rat. We examined whether particular subtypes of afferents may be differentially involved in the reflex. In particular, we wanted to determine if there were differences in input to the reflex between those expressing trkA receptors, and those lacking trkA receptors. We approached this question with two techniques. The selective neurotoxin 192-saporin was injected into the left T13 DRG to destroy the p75 receptor-bearing neurons. Two to three weeks following injection, the ability of the injected DRG to elicit the CTM reflex was examined in contrast to uninjected DRG. The ganglia were also retrieved for histochemical examination. In all cases where histochemical examination revealed a clear depletion of the neurotrophin-bearing neurons the injected DRG lacked the ability to induce the CTM reflex. Histochemical markers for the trkA-negative small diameter afferents appeared normal in all cases. The second approach utilized the trans-synaptic neuronal tracer pseudorabies virus (PRV). PRV was injected into the CTM to generate a retrograde tracing of the reflex circuit, including the afferents involved. This resulted in specific labelling of many small diameter DRG neurons, the vast majority of which expressed trkA. The CTM reflex may therefore not be a suitable monitor for inputs from the trkA-negative small diameter afferents, especially as regards its use in collateral sprouting experiments. These data indicate that inputs from the two populations of afferents are likely processed differently.
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