Estacio MA, Tsukamura H, Reyes BA, Maeda KI (2001) Noradrenergic inputs to the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is involved in estrogen receptor α expression in the PVN of 48-h fasted and 2DG-injected female rats. Neuroscience 2001 Abstracts 409.6. Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, CA.
Summary: Involvement of noradrenergic inputs to the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in estrogen receptor α (ERα) expression in the PVN during 48-h fasting and 2DG-induced glucoprivation in female rats was determined by examining the effect of destroying the noradrenergic inputs to the PVN using the saporin-conjugated anti-dopamine-β-hydroxylase (anti-DBH-saporin). Ovariectomized rats were injected bilaterally with anti-DBH-saporin in the PVN. After two weeks, animals were either fasted for 48 hours or injected intravenously with 2DG, then perfused with 4% paraformaldehyde. Brain sections were processed for ERα and DBH immunocytochemistry. Forty-eight-hour fasting or 2DG injection siginificantly increased the number of ERα-immunoreactive (ERα-ir) cells in the PVN in control animals. Anti-DBH-saporin injection prevented fasting- or 2DG-induced increase in ERα-ir cells in the PVN. The DBH-ir axons in the parvocellular PVN were severely reduced following anti-DBH-saporin injection in both fasted and 2DG injected rats. Among the brainstem noradrenergic cell groups examined, there was a significant decrease in the number of DBH-ir cells in the A2 region of both fasted and 2DG injected rats treated with anti-DBH-saporin. There was no obvious reduction in the number of DBH-ir cells in the A1 and A6 regions in the anti-DBH-saporin-injected fasted- or 2DG-injected rats. The results suggest that the A2 noradrenergic input to the PVN plays a major role in increasing ERα expression in the PVN in response to 48-h fasting or 2DG-induced glucoprivation.
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