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Sound sequence discrimination requires cholinergic inputs and suppression of M-currents in the rat auditory cortex.

Kudoh M, Seki K, Watanabe S, Shibuki K (2001) Sound sequence discrimination requires cholinergic inputs and suppression of M-currents in the rat auditory cortex. Neuroscience 2001 Abstracts 621.2. Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, CA.

Summary: Synaptic potentiation after sequential heterosynaptic stimulation is dependent on the stimulus sequence in the auditory cortex. Atropine or antagonists of M1 receptors block this sequence dependence. However, it is rescued by linopirdine, an inhibitor of M-currents, even in the presence of atropine. In the present study, we investigated the role of cholinergic inputs and the resulting suppression of M-currents in sound sequence discrimination. Rats were trained to discriminate sequence of two sounds. Licking a spout during sound presentation of a particular sequence was rewarded with water. The sounds of the rewarded or unrewarded sequence were randomly presented in a trial, which was repeated every one minute for 12 hours in 4 days. The percentage of the trials with a licking response to sounds was calculated separately for the rewarded and unrewarded sequence. Test performance, estimated from the difference, was significantly increased in the 4 days. Atropine (10 mg/Kg, i.p.) suppressed the increase of test performance. A cholinergic immunotoxin, 192IgG-saporin, was injected into the auditory cortex (62-400 ng/1┬Ál) 1 week before the test. Sound sequence discrimination, but not discrimination between the two sounds, was significantly suppressed in these rats. Linopirdine (5 mg/Kg, i.p.) rescued the test performance of sound sequence discrimination in the rats injected with 192IgG-saporin. These results suggest that sound sequence discrimination requires cholinergic inputs and the resulting suppression of M-currents in the auditory cortex.

Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)

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