Shafi R, Berntson GG, Sarter M, Saurer T, Spino M (2001) Basal forebrain cholinergic system: Cortical activation, sleep/waking EEG and evoked potentials. Neuroscience 2001 Abstracts 533.16. Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, CA.
Summary: The role of the basal forebrain cholinergic system in cognitive functions such as arousal, attention and memory has been well documented. The purpose of the present study was to further elucidate the role of the basal forebrain in regulating cortical states and processes that may underlie these functions. Selective lesions of the cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain were made using the immunotoxin 192 IgG-saporin, which selectively targets the p75 receptor on cholinergic neurons. The effects of these lesions on sleep structure and EEG activity and on afferent priming of cortical reactivity was evaluated. Specifically, we monitored behavioral activity and sleep states and examined the frequency distribution of power distribution in EEG frequency bands during these states. In separate sessions, we also recorded cerebral event-related potentials to auditory stimuli (100 ms, 1 K Hz at 60, 70 and 80 db) after intraperitoneal administration of saline or epinephrine (0.5 mg/kg, which we have previously found to result in priming or enhancement of the auditory evoked response). Compared to controls, lesioned animals showed a reduction in spontaneous activity, reduced power in higher frequency (primarily gamma) EEG bands during both sleep and waking, and altered sleep structure. In addition, lesioned animals displayed lower amplitude auditory evoked potentials and a loss of epinephrine-priming of the evoked response. Results support the view that the basal forebrain cholinergic system may play an important role in cortical activation and the regulation of sleep/waking states, as well as in cortical processing and its enhancement by visceral priming.
Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)