Wang H, Guyenet PG (2002) Neurokinin-1 receptor immunoreactive (NK1R-ir) neurons control caudal ventrolateral medulla (VLM) gabaergic depressor neurons. Neuroscience 2002 Abstracts 862.4. Society for Neuroscience, Orlando, FL.
Summary: Depressor responses to injection of DL-homocysteic acid (DLH) into the caudal VLM are attenuated after selective unilateral lesion of the NK1R-ir cells of the VLM with a saporin-NK1R agonist conjugate (SSP-SAP)(Wang et al., J. Neurosci 2002). Here we tested whether SSP-SAP treatment destroys caudal VLM depressor GABAergic neurons thereby causing loss of DLH-induced sympathoinhibition. Two weeks after unilateral lesion of VLM NK1R-ir cells (97% reduction without loss of catecholaminergic neurons), DLH (5-10 nl, 10mM) was injected into multiple regions of the caudal and rostral VLM on both sides of the brain. The decrease in BP and sympathetic tone (SND) caused by DLH injections into caudal VLM were blunted on the lesioned side vs the intact side (p<.05, N = 7). The rise in BP and SND caused by DLH injection into rostral VLM were normal on both sides. To determine if the GABAergic barosensitive cells of the caudal VLM express NK1R, conscious rats were infused with L-phenylephrine (PE) (7μg/min, for 25 min) or saline. PE infusion raised BP by 25% and decreased HR 27% (mean; N= 4). Saline infusion produced no effect. Fos-ir neurons were mapped throughout the VLM. The caudal VLM of PE-treated rats contained many more Fos-ir cells than that of the saline controls (128.7 ± 4.2 vs. 18.7 ± 1.6, N= 4). Caudal VLM Fos-ir neurons were not NK1R-ir in either group of rats. In conclusion, the baroreceptor-activated GABAergic neurons of the caudal VLM are not NK1R-ir. The data suggests that NK1R-ir cells might provide an excitatory drive to the caudal VLM barosensitive neurons (HL 28785 to PGG).
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