Burgess SE, Gardell LR, Xie Y, Ossipov MH, Vanderah TW, Malan TP, Porreca F, Lai J (2002) Dermorphin-saporin targets descending facilitation in the rostral ventromedial medulla (rvm) to block CCK-induced abnormal pain. Neuroscience 2002 Abstracts 351.11. Society for Neuroscience, Orlando, FL.
Summary: Abnormal pain from L5/L6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) has been shown to require a time-dependent activation of descending facilitatory pathways arising in the RVM. Additionally, RVM microinjection of L365,260, a cholecystokinin (CCKB) receptor antagonist, reverses SNL-induced tactile and thermal hyperalgesia. These observations suggest the possibility that RVM CCK might “drive” such facilitation from the RVM by activating the endogenous descending facilitation system. Rats were treated with a single RVM injection of dermorphin (DERM) (μ opioid agonist), unconjugated saporin (SAP), or dermorphin-saporin (DERM-SAP) and responses to non-noxious tactile (von Frey filaments) or noxious radiant heat stimuli applied to the hindpaw were measured before and after RVM microinjection of CCK to uninjured rats. RVM DERM-SAP, DERM or SAP did not significantly alter baseline sensory thresholds over 28 days post-injection. At day 28, the rats received bilateral microinjections of CCK (30ng) in the RVM. Rats pretreated with DERM or SAP showed a time-related and revsersible CCK-induced tactile and thermal hypersensitivity. In contrast, RVM CCK failed to produce changes in sensory threshold in animals pretreated with DERM-SAP. The RVM pretreatments did not alter responses in control rats challenged with CCK vehicle. Additionally, lesions of the dorsolateral funiculus also blocked RVM CCK-induced tactile and thermal hypersensitivity. These data support the possibility of CCK-mediated activation of descending facilitation from the RVM as a mechanism of neuropathic pain.
Related Products: Dermorphin-SAP / MOR-SAP (Cat. #IT-12)