Dinh TT, Duffy P, Ritter S (2002) Immunotoxin lesion of spinally projecting catecholamine neurons impairs the adrenal medullary response to glucoprivation and the sympathetic response to forced swim. Neuroscience 2002 Abstracts 76.5. Society for Neuroscience, Orlando, FL.
Summary: Distinct populations of hindbrain catecholamine neurons project spinally to innervate sympathetic and adrenal medullary preganglionic neurons. Previously we injected the immunotoxin, saporin conjugated to anti-dopamine beta hydroxylase (DSAP), into the spinal cord to selectively lesion these neurons. DSAP lesions abolished adrenal medullary Fos expression following insulin-induced hypoglycemia or 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) and eliminated the hyperglycemic response to 2DG, which is mediated by adrenal medullary epinephrine (E) secretion. Here we examine the plasma E and norepinephrine (NE) responses to 2DG (250 mg/kg, s.c.) and to 5 min of forced swim in rats injected at T2-T4 with DSAP or unconjugated saporin (SAP) control solution. Blood was sampled remotely via jugular catheters between 0 and 240 min after 2DG or swim. Immunohistochemistry confirmed loss of dopamine B-hydroxylase throughout the spinal cord of DSAP rats. In DSAPs, both plasma E and hyperglycemic responses to 2DG were abolished or severely impaired compared to SAPs. 2DG did not elevate plasma NE in either group. Swim stress increased NE in both SAPs and DSAPs, but the DSAP response was only 60% of the SAP response. Results show for the first time that the selective activation of the adrenal medulla by glucoprivation, described previously, is mediated by spinally projecting catecholamine neurons. Results also demonstrate that spinal catecholamine terminals, presumeably arising from different hindbrain neurons, contribute to, but are not entirely responsible for, sympathetic neuronal responses to swim stress.
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