Janisiewicz AM, Rodefer JS, Baxter MG (2002) Visual-spatial conditional discrimination learning in rats with lesions of cholinergic medial septal/diagonal band neurons. Neuroscience 2002 Abstracts 378.6. Society for Neuroscience, Orlando, FL.
Summary: Loss of cholinergic neurons in the medial septum/vertical limb of the diagonal band (MS/VDB) seems to impair visual-spatial conditional learning tasks, in which the location of a correct spatial response is signaled by a visual cue. We examined visual-spatial conditional learning in several automated touchscreen tasks in male Long-Evans rats with selective lesions of MS/VDB cholinergic neurons produced by 192 IgG-saporin. One group of rats was first trained on a simple visual discrimination followed by two visual-spatial conditional tasks. In the first conditional task the rat responded to the left or right member of a pair of identical visual stimuli depending on which stimulus pair was displayed. In the second conditional task one of two centrally-displayed stimuli directed the rat to respond to an illuminated panel on the left or right, depending on which visual stimulus was displayed centrally. MS/VDB-lesioned rats were unimpaired on the simple visual discrimination and the first conditional task, but were severely impaired relative to controls on the second conditional task. However, in a second group of rats trained only on the second conditional task, MS/VDB-lesioned rats were superior to controls, who performed poorly. The different results between the two cohorts appear to reflect transfer effects present in the control rats that are absent in the MS/VDB-lesioned rats. These findings suggest that conditional learning deficits following MS/VDB cholinergic lesions may depend on the particular strategy used to solve the conditional task, which may in turn be influenced by the animal’s testing history.
Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)