Helm KA, Ziegler DR, Gallagher M (2002) Habituation and dexamethasone (DEX) suppression of the stress response following selective lesions of cholinergic input to hippocampus in rats. Neuroscience 2002 Abstracts 370.1. Society for Neuroscience, Orlando, FL.
Summary: Hippocampal neurons have been identified as targets for glucocorticoids that exert inhibitory control over hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity. Prior research has shown that selective removal of cholinergic input to the hippocampus reduces mRNA expression for low-affinity glucocorticoid receptors, while leaving unaffected both mineralocorticoid receptor mRNA and basal levels of circulating corticosterone (CORT). The current study investigated the possibility that loss of cholinergic support from cells in the basal forebrain alters the CORT response to stress. Cholinergic lesions were made by microinjections of the immunotoxin 192 IgG-saporin into the medial septum/vertical limb of the diagonal band, and 3 weeks later rats were subjected to six daily sessions of 30 min restraint stress. Blood samples taken before, during and after stress on Day 1 revealed a prolonged elevation of CORT in response to acute stress in cholinergic lesioned rats. After 5 days of chronic stress, however, both groups significantly habituated to the stressor, as indicated by similarly low CORT profiles throughout both the response and recovery period. Against this similar background, rats were administered a Dexamethasone (DEX) challenge on Day 6, and DEX-induced suppression of endogenous CORT before, during and after stress was attenuated in lesioned rats. These results indicate a mechanism whereby loss of cholinergic function (e.g. in aging and Alzheimer’s Dementia) may compromise the dynamic range of sensitivity to glucocorticoid mediated stress pathways in the brain.
Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)