Ricceri L, Moles A, Pezzola A, Popoli P, Calamandrei G (2002) Neonatal basal forebrain cholinergic lesions disrupt retention of socially transmitted food preferences and alter EEG activity in adult rats. Neuroscience 2002 Abstracts 82.9. Society for Neuroscience, Orlando, FL.
Summary: Previous studies using selective neonatal lesions of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons showed mild long-term effects on spatial discrimination capabilities, whereas water maze learning appeared intact. In the present study we examined long-term effects of icv injections of 192 IgG saporin performed in 7-day-old rats on the social transmission of food preferences (a form of non-spatial associative memory) at adulthood. In 6-month-old rats the neonatal cholinergic lesion impaired 4-h and 24-h retention of a learned social food preference relative to controls, despite performance on an immediate retention trial was indistinguishable from controls. A second experiment excluded alterations in neophobia towards unfamiliar scented food after neonatal cholinergic lesions: level of novel food consumption did not differ between neonatally saporin-lesioned and control rats. Computerized EEG spectral analysis (FFT transform) performed in 6-month-old rats revealed that the neonatal cholinergic lesions increased δ power and reduced β power in both fronto-parietal and parieto-occipital cortex. Effectiveness of the neonatal lesion was confirmed by a marked cholinergic loss in both hippocampal and cortical regions. Altogether, behavioral and electrophysiological data suggest that the neonatal cholinergic lesion of the basal forebrain – more than the adult one – could represent a useful experimental model of Alzheimer-like memory dysfunctions.
Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)