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Time- and dose-response of 6-hydroxydopamine on locus coeruleus noradrenegric neurons in c57bl/6 mice

Szot P, Franklin A, White S, Raskind M (2010) Time- and dose-response of 6-hydroxydopamine on locus coeruleus noradrenegric neurons in c57bl/6 mice. Neuroscience 2010 Abstracts 157.20/R1. Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, CA.

Summary: Locus coeruleus (LC) noradrenergic neurons are severely reduced in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. However, it is unclear why these neurons are lost and the consequence of this loss on the progression and symptoms of these neurodegenerative disorders. Therefore, establishing an animal model of LC noradrenergic neuronal loss is critical in determining how the LC contributes to these disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine the dose- and time-response of noradrenergic neurotoxicity of 6-hydroydopamine (6OHDA) in adult male C57BL/6 mice. Our laboratory recently demonstrated that DSP4 does not result in a loss of LC noradrenergic neurons. Neurotoxicity of 6OHDA on LC noradrenergic neurons was determined by measuring tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA expression and TH-immunoreactivity (IR) in LC noradrenergic neurons. TH mRNA was quantitated using MCID (OD), while TH-IR was used to determine if protein levels reflected what was observed with mRNA. 6OHDA (20 µg/µl bilaterally) and dopamine beta-hydroxylase-saporin (DBH-saporin; 1 µg/µl bilaterally) were initially administered into the lateral ventricles (icv) and sacrificed 2 weeks later. 6OHDA reduced TH mRNA and -IR in both the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra (SNpc) and ventral tegmental nucleus (VTA), and LC by -46%, -65% and -63%, respectively. DBH-saporin icv injection did not affect dopaminergic or noradrenergic neurons. Injection of DBH-saporin into the LC (0.1 µg/µl unilaterally) also did not affect LC noradrenergic neurons 2 weeks later. As a time-course 6OHDA (7 µg/µl) was injected unilaterally into the LC (vehicle was administered in the alternate LC) and sacrificed 3 days, 2 and 3 weeks later. A loss of LC noradrenergic neurons was observed only 3 weeks later (-81.4%). 6OHDA was then injected unilaterally into the LC at 7, 10, and 14 ug/ul (vehicle was administered in the alternate LC) and sacrificed 2 weeks later. The 7 µg/µl dose of 6OHDA did not affect TH mRNA in the LC as compared to control side (-19%), 10 ug/ul 6OHDA significantly reduced TH mRNA in the LC by ~55%, and 14 ug/ul 6OHDA dramatically reduced TH mRNA in the LC by ~90%. TH-IR in the LC of the three different 6OHDA doses reflected closely the TH mRNA data. 6OHDA at the dose of 14 µg/µl, which resulted in a near complete loss of LC noradrenergic neurons, did not affect dopaminergic neurons in the SN (-9%) and VTA (+17%). These data indicate that DBH-saporin, at the parameters studied, did not affect mouse LC noradrenergic neurons. 6OHDA demonstrated a time- and dose-response reduction of mouse LC noradrenergic neurons. The consequence of this LC neuronal loss on forebrain noradrenergic markers will also be presented.

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