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The effects of basal forebrain cholinergic neuron on novel object recognition

Lee J, Jeong D, Chang J (2011) The effects of basal forebrain cholinergic neuron on novel object recognition. Neuroscience 2011 Abstracts 878.10. Society for Neuroscience, Washington, DC.

Summary: Medial septum and basal nucleus areas of the basal forebrain project cholinergic neurons to the frontal cortex and the Hippocampus.And degeneration of the cholinergic basal forebrain neurons is a common feature of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has been correlated with cognitive decline. This research was studied to verify the effects of cholinergic neuron in basal forebrain to the role of the hippocampus and the frontal cortex on recognition through recognition test and immunohistochemistry after damaging cholinergic neuron of the basal forebrain by intraventricular injection of 192 IgG-saporin. 192 IgG-saporin of 8ul (0.63ug/ul) was injected to the bilateral lateral ventricle of rats. After 2 weeks, novel object recognition (NOR) test was conducted to elucidate damage of cholinergic neuron. In the NOR test, rats are exposed to two identical objects for 15 minutes in empty plastic box (60cmx60cmx30cm). After 3 hours, they are reintroduced to the same object and a new novel object for 10 minutes. This procedure was repeated for 4 days After completing the behavioral experiment, the ChAT of cholinergic neuron in the basal forebrain was ascertained to confirm with immunohistochemistry if cholinergic neuron was damaged. In NOR test, the lesion group with 192 IgG-saporin showed 10% lower novel object preference than normal group. However, this rate is not that significant value enough to elucidate behavioral difference between normal group and lesion group. In immunohistochemistry, the number of cholinergic neuron was remarkably decreased in basal forebrain. According to both of the NOR test and Immunohistochemistry in the condition under lesion, Cholingergic input to hippocampus and frontal cortex from basal forebrain affects recognition somewhat, however the effect is not so essential.

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