Jeong D, Chang W, Lee D, Chang J (2011) Decrease of GABAergic markers and Arc protein expression in the frontal cortex by injection of intraventricular 192 IgG-saporin. Neuroscience 2011 Abstracts 878.08. Society for Neuroscience, Washington, DC.
Summary: Previous studies used 192 IgG-saporin to study cholinergic function because of its facility for selective lesioning; however, results varied due to differences in the methods of administration and behavioral tests used. We investigated whether intraventricular injections of 192 IgG-saporin were suitable to make a dementia animal model for the evaluation of therapeutic drugs or electrical stimulation techniques. We examined the effects of 192 IgG-saporin using the Morris water maze, immunochemistry, and western blotting. Animals were examined 2 weeks after intraventricular injection of 192 IgG-saporin (0.63 µg/µl, 6 µl, 8 µl, and 10 µl) or phosphate buffered saline (8 µl). In the acquisition phase of the Morris water maze, the latencies of the injection groups were significantly delayed, but recovered within 1 week. In the probe test, two of four indices (time in the platform zone and the number of crossings) were significantly different between the control group and the group injected with 8 µl of 192 IgG-saporin. Immunohistochemistry revealed the extent of cholinergic destruction that was apparent in the basal forebrain of all 192 IgG-saporin injected rats. We found significantly decreased activity-regulated cytoskeleton associated protein (Arc) and glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) expression in the frontal cortex (8 µl and 10 µl groups), but not in the hippocampus, using western blotting. Further, spatial memory impairment was associated with cholinergic basal forebrain injury as well as fronto-cortical GABAergic hypofunction and synaptic plasticity deceleration. We conclude that intraventricular injection of 192 IgG-saporin is a suitable method for making a rat model of dementia.
Related Products: 192-IgG-SAP (Cat. #IT-01)