Li AJ, Wang Q, Ritter S (2011) Fourth ventricular glucosamine-induced feeding is catecholamine-dependent. Neuroscience 2011 Abstracts 600.17. Society for Neuroscience, Washington, DC.
Summary: Glucokinase has been identified as a glucose-sensor for detecting glucose changes both in the brain and periphery. Previous reports have shown that lateral ventricular injection of a glucokinase inhibitor, glucosamine, stimulates glucoprivic feeding in rats. Other work has demonstrated involvement of hindbrain glucokinase in glucoregulation. Here we compared the effects of lateral (LV) and fourth ventricular (4V) injections of glucosamine on food intake in rats. We found that glucosamine injected into 4V (0, 0.2, 0.6, and 1.0 mg/rat) enhanced food intake in a dose-dependent manner and that LV and 4V injections were of similar potency. Glucosamine did not elevate blood glucose under the conditions of our test. We also found that enhancement of feeding by 4V glucosamine was abolished by medial hypothalamic injections of anti-dopamine beta hydroxylase saporin, a retrogradely transported catecholamine immunotoxin that selectively lesions norepinephrine and epinephrine neurons that innervate the injection site. Furthermore, 4V injection of glucosamine increased Fos expression in catecholamine populations responsible for key glucoregulatory responses. These results demonstrate that glucokinase in hindbrain catecholamine neurons is a mediator of food intake and possibly a transduction mechanism for stimulation of glucoregulatory feeding by these neurons.
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