Pacheco-Herrero M, Thyssen D, Ramos-Rodriguez J, Berrocoso E, Bacskai B, Garcia-Alloza M (2011) Rapid beta-amyloid deposition and behavioural impairment after cholinergic denervation in APPswe/PS1dE9. Neuroscience 2011 Abstracts 47.02. Society for Neuroscience, Washington, DC.
Summary: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Although the ultimate neurotoxic mechanisms are not known, extensive evidence supports the role of amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposition as senile plaques (SP) in the disease. On the other hand, neuronal loss is the pathological feature that best correlates with the duration and severity of the illness and specifically, cholinergic denervation of the basal forebrain seems to be a good predictor of clinical dementia in AD. A close relationship has been documented between Aβ deposition and neurodegeneration, however, whether specific neurodegeneration may lead to senile plaque deposition remains unclear. We addressed this by inducing selective cholinergic lesions in APPswe/PS1dE9 mice with murine p-75 saporin, an inmunotoxin that selectively removes cholinergic innervation. We performed intracerebroventricular murine p-75 lesions in animals with an incipient (~3 months) and robust (~7 months of age) Aβ deposition and removed ~50% of basal forebrain cholinergic innervation to cortex and hippocampus. Immediately after injections, cranial windows were implanted and Aβ deposition was monitored in vivo and in real time in the cortex using methoxy-XO4 and multiphoton microscopy. We observed increased SP deposition as soon as 1 week after the lesion. We further corroborated our in vivo data post-mortem, using anti- Aβ and anti-fibrils antibodies as well as thioflavin S staining, both in the cortex and the hippocampus. 7 days after the surgery, when the lesion is established, animals were tested in the new object discrimination and Morris water maze tests. We observed an early memory impairment in young lesioned mice (~3 months) and this effect worsened with age (~7 months of age), when Aβ deposition is more robust. Altogether, our data suggest that cholinergic denervation may contribute to the deposition of Aβ and synergistically contribute to the cognitive impairment observed in AD.
Related Products: mu p75-SAP (Cat. #IT-16)