Shim H, Park H-J, Lee H, Shim I (2014) The role of the supramammillary area in spatial learning and memory. Neuroscience 2014 Abstracts 652.05. Society for Neuroscience, Washington, DC.
Summary: The supramammillary area (SuM) of the hypothalamus, although small in size, has wide spread connection with numerous brain structures. It is known that the SuM can control the frequency of the hippocampal theta rhythm, which plays a role in the cognitive functions of the hippocampal formation. In order to examine the role of the specific cells of the SuM in learning and memory, selective cholinergic neurotoxic or excitotoxic lesioned rats of the SuM were tested for spatial memory on the Morris water maze (MWM) test. After the behavior tests, the expression of acetylcholine esterase (AChE) in the hippocampus was studied using the immunohistochemistry. In the MWM test, both lesion of the SuM with 192 IgG-saporin and ibotenic acid produced the impairment of spatial learning and memory. In the immunohistochemistry, the SuM-lesioned rat model by selective cholinergic neurotoxin showed decrease in the AChE expression in the hippocampal CA3. These findings suggest that cholinergic cells of the SuM area play a critical role in the process of consolidation of memory.
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