Konsman J, Chaskiel L, Bristow A, Dantzer R (2014) Interleukin-1 receptor-expressing cells in the arcuate hypothalamus mediate peripheral interleukin-1-induced hypophagia. Neuroscience 2014 Abstracts 453.13. Society for Neuroscience, Washington, DC.
Summary: Although the reduction in food intake observed in acute infectious and inflammatory diseases has been proposed to represent a regulated adaptive response, the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Our previous work has shown that the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) can act in the brain to alter behavior during peripheral inflammation. The arcuate nucleus of the rat hypothalamus plays a pivotal role in the regulation of food intake and expresses the signaling interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R1) (Ericsson et al., J. Comp. Neurol., 1995). However, lesioning of the neuropeptide Y(NPY)- and proopiomelancortin(POMC)-expressing neurons, the two major neuronal populations in the arcuate nucleus regulating food intake, does not attenuate the reduction of food intake after peripheral interleukin-1 administration (Reyes & Sawchenko, J. Neurosci., 2002). Besides neurons, venules and glia constitute the main nervous cell types expressing the signaling interleukin-1 receptor. Moreover, glial cells, and in particular tanycytes in the arcuate nucleus, have been proposed to play a role in the regulation of food intake (Bolborea & Dale, Trends Neurosci., 2013). In the present work, we set out ) to determine if IL1-R1-expressing cells in the hypothalamus mediate reduced food intake in response to peripheral IL-1 administration, and 2) if so, to identify the cell types involved. Cells expressing IL-1R1 were killed by infusion of IL-1 coupled to the intracellular toxin saporin (IL-1-SAP) into the arcuate hypothalamus. Control infusions consisted of uncoupled IL-1 and saporin and PBS. At least one week later rats were injected intraperitoneally with IL1. Intra-arcuate IL-1-SAP attenuated the reduction in food intake after peripheral administration of IL-1, indicating that arcuate cells mediate IL-1-induced hypophagia. Post mortem histochemical analyses of brain sections of the same animals revealed that intra-arcuate IL-1-SAP reduced the number of NPY-neurons, without affecting the number of POMC-neurons or the surface covered by tanycytes. Taken together, these findings indicate that IL-1R-bearing NPY neurons in the arcuate nucleus take part in the reduction of food intake after peripheral IL-1 administration and suggest that hypophagia observed in infectious and inflammatory diseases reflects, at least in part, a regulated response.
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