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A2 noradrenergic neurons regulate forced swim test immobility.

Nam H, Kerman I (2016) A2 noradrenergic neurons regulate forced swim test immobility. Physiol Behav 165:339-349. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.08.020

Summary: Wistar-Kyoto rats are often used as a model of depression, and exhibit high levels of immobility when subjected to a forced swim test (FST). Researchers discovered relative hyperactivation in the locus coeruleus of WKY rats compared to the genetically related Wistar rats when exposed to one- and two-day FSTs. Lesser activation of A2 noradrenergic cell group was seen by diminished levels of FOS after both days of the FST. A2 noradrenergic neurons of Winstar rats were lesioned by injecting 2.2 ug of Anti-DBH-SAP (Cat. #IT-03) into the nucleus tractus solitaris (NTS). Lesioned rats exhibited increased FST immobility on both days of the test, similar to natural WKY behavior in the same test. These data indicate that the A2 noradrenergic cell group regulates FST behavior and that its hypoactivation may contribute to the unique behavioral phenotype of WKY rats.

Related Products: Anti-DBH-SAP (Cat. #IT-03)