Garcia-Castillo M, Tran T, Bobard A, Renard H, Rathjen S, Dransart E, Stechmann B, Lamaze C, Lord M, Cintrat J, Enninga J, Tartour E, Johannes L (2015) Retrograde transport is not required for cytosolic translocation of the B-subunit of Shiga toxin. J Cell Sci 128:2373-2387. doi: 10.1242/jcs.169383
Summary: Bacterial and plant toxins rely on various trafficking pathways to reach intracellular targets. Shiga and Shiga-like toxins have been found to be moved via vesicular transport through several subcellular structures on the way to the cytosol. Shiga toxin (STx) is the cause of hemolytic uremic syndrome, for which there is no effective treatment. In order to better understand the mechanisms of STx membrane translocation the authors used a custom conjugate of the receptor-binding B-subunit of STx (STxB) and saporin (Custom conjugation provided by Advanced Targeting Systems). In vitro assays demonstrated that STxB-SAP did not use retrograde transport to the Golgi complex in order to reach the cytosol. This information has relevance to antigen cross-presentation of antigen-presenting cells.
Related Products: Custom Conjugates