Burke P, Kanbar R, Viar K, Stornetta R, Guyenet P (2015) Selective optogenetic stimulation of the retrotrapezoid nucleus in sleeping rats activates breathing without changing blood pressure or causing arousal or sighs. J Appl Physiol (1985) 118:1491-1501. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00164.2015
Summary: Hypoxia and hypercapnia both play roles in the activation of normal breathing. If either one is severe enough, arousal will also occur. The authors looked to better define the CNS pathways utilized by hypoxia and hypercapnia, as well as the pathways responsible for activation of arousal due to these conditions. The authors used optogenetic activation of the retrotrapezoid nucleus and C1 and A5 catecholaminergic neurons, as well as selective C1 neuron stimulation in rats. Some rats also received bilateral injections of Anti-DBH-SAP (Cat. #IT-03) totaling 0.88 μg into the region of the lateral horn of the second thoracic segment.
Related Products: Anti-DBH-SAP (Cat. #IT-03)