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  4. Saporin conjugated monoclonal antibody to the transcobalamin receptor TCblR/320 is effective in targeting and destroying cancer cells.

Saporin conjugated monoclonal antibody to the transcobalamin receptor TCblR/320 is effective in targeting and destroying cancer cells.

Quadros EV, Nakayama Y, Sequeira JM (2013) Saporin conjugated monoclonal antibody to the transcobalamin receptor TCblR/320 is effective in targeting and destroying cancer cells. J Cancer Ther 4(6):1074-1081. doi: 10.4236/jct.2013.46122

Summary: Although the transcobalamin receptor (TCb1R) is expressed in most cell types, the expression levels are increased in actively proliferating cells, and decreased in quiescent cells. This expression profile makes the TCb1R an attractive target for cancer therapy. The authors used a custom conjugate of antibodies generated against the TCb1R and saporin to eliminate cancer cell lines in culture. When applying the conjugate to cells in a dosing range of 0.156-5 nM, 2.5 nM was found to have the optimal effect. Given that the level of toxicity was determined by the level of TCb1R expression, targeting the TCb1R may have potential as part of a cancer treatment strategy.

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