Kaur S, Thankachan S, Begum S, Liu M, Blanco-Centurion C, Shiromani PJ (2009) Hypocretin-2 saporin lesions of the ventrolateral periaquaductal gray (vlPAG) increase REM sleep in hypocretin knockout mice. PLoS One 4:e6346. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006346
Summary: Not all connections between narcolepsy and orexin are understood, since orexin neurons are located in the lateral hypothalamus and some sleep functions are controlled by the brainstem. This experiment used 16.5 ng injections of orexin-SAP (Cat. #IT-20) into each side of the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (v/PAG to) examine these connections. The results indicate that loss of orexin neurons in the v/PAG results in loss of inhibitory control over REM sleep, but does not cause cataplexy.
Related Products: Orexin-B-SAP (Cat. #IT-20)