Camara AL, Pereira EF, Alkondon M, Randall WR, Castro NG, Cintra WM, Albuquerque EX (2001) Septal innervation of the hippocampus regulates expression α7 nicotinic receptors in CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons. Neuroscience 2001 Abstracts 145.1. Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, CA.
Summary: To investigate the effects of septal innervation on expression of α7 nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) in CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus, the patch-clamp technique and confocal microscopy were applied to organotypic hippocampal cultures and septal-hippocampal co-cultures. In the co-cultures, septal fibers labeled with DiI were visualized in the hippocampus. Field stimulation of septal fibers also resulted in postsynaptic currents that could be recorded from CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus. These currents had glutamatergic, GABAergic and cholinergic components. The latter originated most likely from the septal cholinergic neurons that were labeled in situ with the cholinergic marker Cy3-192 IgG. α7 nAChRs in the somatodendritic region of CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus in cultures and co-cultures were activated by the α7 nAChR agonist choline, which elicited type IA currents, and were visualized by labeling with rhodamine-conjugated α-bungarotoxin (Rho-α-BGT). After 21 days in vitro, the amplitude of type IA currents was substantially smaller in pyramidal neurons in septal-hippocampal co-cultures than in hippocampal oragnotypic cultures. Labeling of the somatodendritic region of hippocampal pyramidal neurons with Rho-α-BGT was also less intense in the organotypic co-cultures than in cultures. These results suggest that functional septal innervation of the hippocampus regulates the expression of α7 nAChRs in hippocampal pyramidal neurons.
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